My research focuses on the origins, manifestations, and consequences of political violence in early U.S. relations with Native nations. In so doing, I seek to contribute to ongoing debates in Security Studies, U.S. Foreign Policy, and International Relations Theory. My dissertation focused on the processes by which U.S. settlers instigated conflicts with Native nations, and I am working to turn that into a book in the near future. Each published or completed piece below includes a link to the latest draft. My current works in progress include pieces that consider how members of the U.S. military applied what they saw as the lessons of the Indian Wars to the occupation of the Philippines, how to conceptualize an early American grand strategy that does not neatly fit into modern grand strategic debates, and whether it is useful to conceptualize Indigenous polities—such as the Comanche and Lakota—as empires.


  • The Frontiers of American Grand Strategy: Settlers, Elites, and the Standing Army in America’s Indian Wars (available here)


  • “Do Accidental Wars Happen? Evidence From America’s Indian Wars,” Journal of Global Security Studies 6, 4 (2021).
  • Pandemic Pedagogy: Teaching International Relations amid COVID-19 (editor and contributor, forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan).
  • (with Tobias Lemke) “Doing Historical International Relations,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs (forthcoming, introduction to a forum).
  • “Bringing (Inter)National History into ‘Introduction to International Relations’,” Learning and Teaching (forthcoming).
  • (with Matthew E. Carnes) “Assessing an Undergraduate Curriculum: The Evolving Roles of Subfields, Methods, Ethics, and Writing for Government Majors,” PS: Political Science and Politics 50, 1 (2018): 178-182.

Working Papers

  • “Foreign or Domestic? Securitization and the Bureaucratic Politics of Indian Affairs” (revise-and-resubmit, part of a planned special issue on Indigenous politics; available here).
  • “The Frontiers of U.S. Grand Strategy: Territorial Expansion in Principle and Practice″ (available here).
  • “What’s at Stake in the Indigenous Empire Debate” (available here)

Works in Progress

  • “Conceptualizing Early U.S. Grand Strategy”
  • “Learning Counterinsurgency: U.S. Army Officers in the Indian Wars and the Philippine-American War”
  • (with So Jin Lee) “Staff Rides as Pedagogical Practice: Bringing Active Learning into Graduate Political Science Education”

Other Publications

  • “Responding to Chinese ‘Whataboutism’: On Uyghur and Native Genocides,” The Diplomat (February 3, 2021).
  • Review of A Post-Exceptionalist Perspective on Early American History: American Wests, Global Wests, and Indian Wars by Carroll P. Kakel III, American Indian Quarterly  44, 3 (2020).
  • Review of Only the Dead: The Persistence of War in the Modern Age by Bear F. Braumoeller, Law and Liberty Online (March 19, 2020).
  • “Bringing Indigenous Experiences into International Relations,” guest blog post, The Duck of Minerva (September 12, 2019).
  • Review of Cult of the Irrelevant: The Waning Influence of Social Science on National Security by Michael C. Desch, The Online Library of Law and Liberty (June 24, 2019).
  • “Syria, Afghanistan, and the Lessons of the Indian Wars,” op-ed, Indian Country Today (February 11, 2019).
  • See my CV for a full list of other publications.